The Skincare Pro’s Guide to Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation, characterized by dark spots and patches on the skin, is a common concern among your clients. As skincare pros, it’s essential to understand both the causes and the most effective treatments to help clients achieve clearer, more even-toned skin. So if your clients come to you looking for the winning formula for treating their hyperpigmentation, encourage them to kick-start results with the proper professional treatments, educate on proper skincare products, encourage them to stick to a consistent skincare routine, protect their skin from the sun, and above all else, be patient with the process. 


Hyperpigmentation Causes 

Hyperpigmentation results from excessive melanin production triggered by factors such as inflammation, acne, eczema, aggressive skincare products, genetics, hormones, sunlight, and certain medications. While prescription medications are often used, professional treatments such as peels, and microdermabrasion, plus skincare products that include retinoids and niacinamide, and daily sun protection can all help with reducing hyperpigmentation. 


Professional Treatments for Hyperpigmentation

By staying informed about the latest treatments and providing valuable advice, you can help your clients achieve the clear, radiant skin they desire. Some of our recommended Tuel professional peel treatments include: 

Glycolic Acid Treatment

Glycolic acid, a type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), is effective for treating hyperpigmentation by exfoliating the skin and promoting cell turnover. This treatment is best performed weekly for six weeks, three times a year. Here's a breakdown:

  • First and Second Treatments: Mix 1 teaspoon of Enzyme Peel Exfoliating Mask with 1/3 teaspoon of Glycolic Solution and 2/3 teaspoon of water. Apply quickly to the face, neck, and décolleté, avoiding the eyelids and cheeks last. Leave on for 2-7 minutes, depending on skin thickness, and keep the skin moist with steam before rinsing well with warm water.
  • Third and Fourth Treatments: Increase the Glycolic Solution to 2/3 teaspoon, maintaining the same steps.
  • Fifth and Sixth Treatments: Intensify the mixture with 1 teaspoon of Glycolic Acid and 1 teaspoon of Enzyme Peel, without adding water. Adjust the duration based on your professional judgment and client’s tolerance.


Salicylic/Lactic Acid Peel Treatment

This peel combines salicylic acid, effective for acne treatment, with lactic acid, known for its gentle exfoliation and hydration properties. Before starting this treatment, conduct a thorough consultation and obtain a signed release form from the client.

  • During the refine stage, apply 10 drops of Salicylic/Lactic Acid peel on a moistened cotton round. Apply swiftly to the face and neck, moving from chin to forehead, then cheeks, and finishing with the neck. For the décolleté, use an additional ten drops. Leave it on for up to 5 minutes before neutralizing it with your preferred method. Please note: To dilute this step, you can add more water to your moistened cotton round. If performing a full facial, continue to the next step.


Helpful Reminders for Your Clients

From never forgetting your sun protection to professional treatments, here are several options you need in your summer skincare toolbox that can help get your skin back on track.

  • Don't forget sunscreen: Wearing sunscreen daily (at least SPF 30) is a must to prevent brown spots. Apply a nickel-sized amount to the face and reapply every two hours. Complement this with other sun protection strategies, such as seeking shade and wearing sun-protective clothing.
  • Add a vitamin C serum to their routine: vitamin C reduces the appearance of dark spots and uneven skin tone.  Recommend products combining vitamin C with lactic and malic acids for a brighter, firmer complexion.
  • Prevention strategies: In addition to sunscreen, people should incorporate antioxidants like vitamin E and niacinamide into their routine to protect against UV rays and environmental stressors. These ingredients help stabilize the skin's barrier and reduce inflammation, preventing further darkening of existing spots.